SCIENCE TALK: Training twice a day

Running twice a day is something that only the elite athlete does. That’s the big myth in running and training. You don’t need to be an elite athlete to train twice a day, there are many benefits for regular people too.

When to run twice a day and why it is beneficial?

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WORKOUT WEDNESDAY: part 14

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WORKOUT WEDNESDAY: part 13

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WORKOUT WEDNESDAY: part 12

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WORKOUT WEDNESDAY: part 11

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WEDNESDAY WORKOUT: part 10

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WORKOUT WEDNESDAY: part 4

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WORKOUT WEDNESDAY: part 3

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WORKOUT WEDNESDAY: part 2

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WORKOUT WEDNESDAY: part 1

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How to find time to run?

I know there are plenty of people who have family, jobs, schools, etc. which taking most of our time of the day. Sometimes it might be difficult to find time for the running or is it that only excuse, like “I don’t have time”, “I’m too busy”… You might have busy days, but how often those words are just excuse and you don’t use your hours effectively?

Some studies have found that average people have 5 hours spare time during the day, which most of the time we spent front of TV or social media. Now, if you can include yourself to this group, I ask you to think. Think what are your goals, are you dreaming to get better shape, take a part of your first marathon, whatever it is, just think are those goals more or less important than TV or social media. What if you go to do something with yourself rather than follow soap operas or how others spend their life Continue reading “How to find time to run?”

Why runners need training plan?

Do you have a training plan? If you answer is no, why should you consider to get one. You might have heard seasonal training, how runners first build their fitness level, then race and then take time off before starting everything again. Training plans are designed to help runners to develop, break PBs and prevent injuries. There are many modifications of training plans as each person are different, but most of them follow quite similar procedure, which are scientifically tested and used many years and found to be workable.

First runners need to set their goal, long term and short term. Plans are designed to meet goals and help achieve them. Long term goals can be even goal that runner wished to be happening in a couple year time while short time goals are smaller step which support Continue reading “Why runners need training plan?”

How to make treadmill running more fun?

Some elite runners and triathletes place their treadmill in the corner where they have to stare plain wall during the whole running exercise. This is quite rough way to train, but it’s where good mental game, as you are alone with your mind. Harder the exercise harder the mind have to work against the quitting, this develop runner’s mental ability and make it stronger. If you are not fancy to do so rough exercise and struggling every time you have to run on the treadmill, here are some tips how to make it more fun or at least less bored and more effective.

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Cross-training for runners

Cross-training is sport that support the athlete’s main sport. For runners that usually mean swimming, water running, cycling, elliptical exercise, stepping or cross country skiing in winter time.

Running is high impact sport, which is consumptive for lower body’s bones, muscles, joints and tendons. For injured runners cross-training could offer the opportunity to exercise and it can also prevent injuries. Cross-training should be sport that use different muscles group than running, so muscles which are used while running can recover and while other supporting muscles working on and getting stronger. Continue reading “Cross-training for runners”

DOMS – what it really is?

One of my client asked me another day, why her muscles feel sore day or couple day after training, why not immediately? Simple answer is because it DOMS, but in the reality what is DOMS or what cause it?

DOMS means Delayed onset muscle soreness, it normally appears 24 to 72 hours after exercise. You might notice how your muscles feel sore, and sitting down or climbing the stairs feel difficult, day after the exercise. This basically DOMS.

My muscles are sore, so they are building more muscles, right? Actually no, DOMS can improve muscle growth, but not to a large extent. Muscle hypertrophy mechanism increases muscle, its most central mechanisms are mechanical tension, metabolic stress and muscle damage. Although DOMS causes muscle damages, it can also be Continue reading “DOMS – what it really is?”

Tips for the summer running

Summer is around the corner and weather is about the get warmer. There are several things to consider when the heat wave hits on.

1. Hydration
Increase your water intake, as the during the warm weather body tend to sweat more.

2. Salt
Make sure your food contains good salt, for example Himalayan pink rose salt. While sweating body lose sodium, so warm weather and lack of sodium can cause muscles cramps and tiredness.

3. Run early in the morning/late in the evening
Go run early in the morning or late in the evening when weather is cooler. Continue reading “Tips for the summer running”

Running motivation

Do you feel tired? Do you suffer lacks motivation? Lacing your running shoes seem to be an impossible task? Did you know that’s all okay? We all have motivation problems sometimes. You might have also heard that once you go to out and start running it’s easier. I collected some of the tips which might help increase motivation.

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1. Pictures/quotes
If you have some motivational quotes place them to somewhere where you can see them. If you are training from certain marathon, print the picture of event and do to Continue reading “Running motivation”

Why you should do to the drills?

Have you done drills ever? Or Do you do drills regularly? If your answer is no one of the question, read the rest of the post to find out why you should include drills to your training program.
You might think that drills are just silly looking hopping and bouncing around. But there are reasons why many runners perform them.

Drills are designed to improve running form, technique and performance.
As some of the drills are built to use similar movement than running and also strengthen and open the muscles that are uses during the running. You can get strength by going to the gym, but it’s a different kind of movement. Gym training is of course good, but it’s often stationary (statistic) movement, while drills are more dynamic movement. That’s why drills improve your coordination, agility, balance and communication between Continue reading “Why you should do to the drills?”

How to recover after marathon?

Recovering after marathon is as important as tapering and training for the marathon. Without proper recover you increase the risk of injury or overtraining symptoms.
During the marathon, body is pushed to its limit, muscles, tendons, ligament, cell, etc. are pushed to the maximum. Each step your lower body joints, muscles, ligaments and tendons receive your body weight three times bigger. So repeating that force over 42 kilometres distance you can imaging how much destroy it can cause. Also you have higher risk to get flu as your immune system is weaker.

What to do after marathon?
Immediately after the finish line rehydrate, try to get your body back to the normal hydration level, but avoid overhydration. Don’t stop moving, as amazing it would be just to go lay in the ground, move forward, walk! So your heart rate can come down evenly. During the first hour after the finish line, eat something light, bananas, fruits, etc. Eat Continue reading “How to recover after marathon?”

Plyometric training for runners

What is plyometric training?
Plyometric training is often perceived as explosive jumping exercises, even if it means short, mostly of own body weight performed explosive interval style exercises. Training is based on the “stretch-shortening cycle” method. Leg muscles is stored in a large number of human energy stocks, for example, when we jump we are able to take the energy for next jump from the previous ones impact, when landing on the ground. This makes it possible to jump even higher.

Why you should do it?
Quick conclusion is that this type of training must be good for sprinter, but Turner et al. (2003), actually found that it also help improve running economy for longer distance. It’s also prevent injuries as it’s strengthening ligaments and muscles. To have speed and specially able to maintain speed, runner need to train both speed and power. When these features are development not only running speed but also contact time on the ground accelerate. The less feet spent time on the ground while running the less human use energy.

Including plyometric exercise to your training plan
Before you start to do plyometric exercises, you should have a good base condition already. Do not do the exercises year-round. Do exercises on your speed and power development training cycle. It’s not good to do the exercises in the same week when you have running race.

Squat jumps, tuck jumps, lateral squat jump, lunge jumps, side hops, bounding, power skipping and diagonal obstacle jump are just a few examples of plyometric training. Before you start to do plyometric training, you have to warm up. You can do 10-20 repetitions, 10-20 times depending on your fitness level. If you are not familiar with these kinds of training start with lower reps and pay attention to your technique especially when landing on ground to avoid any injuries.

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Tapering for a marathon

How long should you taper for the marathon? When should you start the tapering? What is tapering?

Every marathon runner should include tapering for their marathon preparation. WHY? Physiological adaptation will take at least 6 weeks so there’s much you can do anymore for your fitness during the tapering period. However doing too much can instead ruin your running performance. So, what tapering means and when to start it? Tapering means reduced training load, more recovery, sleep, and proper nutrient rich food. It Continue reading “Tapering for a marathon”

Mental preparation

Training mental strength for the race is as important as training your body. Many runners don’t achieve their goals and PB because they are not mentally prepared.
Why prepare?
Going with the flow and enjoying the running doesn’t seem bad at all, right? But when you have run third of your marathon and your leg start to feel tired and then you see hill front of you, you might say couple swear word inside you Continue reading “Mental preparation”

Knee pain – exercise and prevention

Last post we looked couple most common knee injuries and what cause them, now we will take closer look how to prevent them.

Strength training:
Side-lying leg lift

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Lay down on your other side, keep straight line from head to ankle. Lift your upper leg and bring it back down. Do 15 reps. Repeat 3 times. Remember do both sides. Continue reading “Knee pain – exercise and prevention”

What is pronation?

You might have heard flat foot; other word pronation, where foot rolls inwards while standing. It’s normal to foot pronate or supinate (opposite to pronate) in certain points during gait cycle. But when pronation happens during stance phase where most of the body weight is right above the foot, problems might occur. Pronation is foot’s triplanar movement, so this means if pronation occurs it affect three cardinal plane; subtalar eversion, dorsiflexion of the angle and forefoot abduction. Also as the foot is rolled inwards it increases rotation of the tibia, when it causes pressure to joint and ligament which can lead many other problems.

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Pronation often cause knee pain, medial tibial stress syndrome know as shin splints, calf, shin and foot muscles soreness and pain as the muscles are pulled wrong position. When muscle is pulled wrong position long period of time it shortened while its opposite muscles lengthened. Often the lengthened side start to show symptom of pain as it Continue reading “What is pronation?”

Tight hips – exercises and prevention

Does your legs feeling like they weighting tons while running? Is your running posture more like sitting in the chair than upward? Do you have knee or other leg pains? If you answered yes even one question, you MIGHT have tight hip muscles or/and muscle weakness. If you don’t suffer any of these I still recommend to you take care of your hips to prevent any problems to the future, for example those that we spoke at running injuries: hip and thigh pain post.

In hips area we have many muscles and muscles’ insertion and origin which rotate, flex and extend our legs. These muscles are also one of the basis for our running. If these muscles are tight or weak they pull our body down when space between our upper body and legs shortened as muscles are short too. This of course lead that our legs don’t have Continue reading “Tight hips – exercises and prevention”